Myanmar Situation Update (29 November – 5 December 2021)

The court in Naypyitaw has delayed the first verdicts in the trial of ousted leader Aung San Suu Kyi until 6 December, the verdict expected to rule on 30 November. She faces two years in prison for the incitement charge for statements released by the National League of Democracy (NLD) when she was already being held in military custody. The second related to violating the Natural Disaster Management Law by attending a campaign rally during the 2020 General Election campaign. Aung San Suu Kyi and  the President Win Myint also hit with new corruption charges alleging not following existing laws and financial regulations when renting and buying the helicopter for use in the management of natural disasters and state’s affairs.

According to the NLD central committee, 573 NLD members have been arrested by the junta and 12 have died in the junta’s custody and detention following the coup in February.

The former chairman of the Union Election Commission (UEC),  Hla Thein and its two other commission members including Myint Naing and Than Htay, have been sent to Naypyitaw prison according to the lawyer. Chairman and the two commissioners were arrested on 1 February during the early hours of the coup. Media reported that Junta-appointed union election commission has been instructed to file lawsuits against the chairpersons and members of state/region, district and township level election sub-commissions who overlooked the 2020 general elections, according to one sub-commission member from Naypyitaw who has been in hiding since the February 1 coup. Recently the junta-appointed Union Election Commission (UEC) filed charges against 16 people, including ousted leader Aung San Suu Kyi, President Win Myint, former UEC Chair Hla Thein and UEC members Myint Naing and Than Htay over their alleged electoral fraud in the 2020 elections.

The junta leader senior general Min Aung Hlaing visited the house of 94 years, Tin Oo, the former Commander-in-Chief as well as patron of the NLD this week and gave his greetings.

Junta-run state media announced that more than 17 million people , 50 percent of the target group over the age of 18, are planning to vaccinate against COVID-19 by the end of December this year.

According to the Ministry of Women, Youths and Children Affairs of the National Unity Government (NUG), junta’s have killed around 100 children and at least 89 women across Myanmar from Feb. 1 to Nov. 17.

The Karen National Union (KNU) declared that around 103 junta’s troops were killed and other 88 were injured during 151 clashes in November in the Mutraw District (Hpapun) area of the KNU Brigade (5) territory. According to Pyi Thu Yin Khwin or People’s Embrace, a group helping the defectors, more than 2,000 soldiers and 6,000 police officers have now joined the Civil Disobedience Movement (CDM) against the junta and it expected that number would continue to grow in the coming months.

Ko Aung Myo Htet, journalist and former editor of The Voice, was sentenced to two years in prison under Section (505-A) at the junta court.

In the United Nations’ report, 46 percent of the population in the country could be living below the national poverty line by early 2022, at which time poverty in urban areas will have tripled since the crisis began.

The UN Credentials Committee denied representation of the military junta at the UN and Ambassador U Kyaw Moe Tun continued in his post. Myanmar’s civilian National Unity Government has welcomed a decision by a United Nations credentials committee. The junta condemned the United Nations decision to deny its chosen representative. 

Protests continued in different parts of Myanmar despite the crackdown by the junta over the week. The clashes between the junta forces and the civil resistance fighters or Ethnic Armed Organizations also emerged in all states and regions except Rakhine State.  

According to the information compiled by ANFREL, at least 44 bomb blasts happened across Myanmar in the past week. It was reported that at least 10 people were injured and 15 died.
As of 4 December, the Assistance Association for Political Prisoners (AAPP) recorded that 1,303 people have been killed by the junta. 7,750 people are currently under detention and 354 are sentenced. 75 have been sentenced to death and 1,963 are evading arrest warrants.

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