Bangladesh is a unitary state and parliamentary democracy. Direct elections in which all citizens, aged 18 or over, can vote are held every five years for the unicameral parliament known as Jatiya Sangsad. The parliamentary building is known as the Jatiyo Sangshad Bhaban and was designed by architect Louis Kahn. Currently the parliament has 345 members including 45 reserved seats for women, elected from single-member constituencies. The Prime Minister, as the head of government, forms the cabinet and runs the day-to-day affairs of state. While the Prime Minister is formally appointed by the President, he or she must be an MP who commands the confidence of the majority of parliament. The President is the head of state but mainly a ceremonial post elected by the parliament. However the President's powers are substantially expanded during the tenure of a caretaker government, which is responsible for the conduct of elections and transfer of power. The officers of the caretaker government must be non-partisan and are given three months to complete their task. This transitional arrangement is an innovation that was pioneered by Bangladesh in its 1991 election and then institutionalized in 1996 through its 13th constitutional amendment.



General Information

Bangladesh Profile


Political Overview

Profile of Leaders in Bangladesh
Political Timeline of Bangladesh
List of Registered Political Parties in Bangladesh
Politics of Bangladesh 
The Parliament of Bangladesh



Constitution of the People's Republic of Bangladesh - 4 November 1972
Constitution of Bangladesh From Wikipedia


Election laws

Bangladesh Election Laws from the BEC
The conduction of Election Rules, 2008 (Bangla)
The Delimitation of Constituencies Ordinance, 1976
The Electoral Rolls (Amendment) Act, 2010
The Representation of the People Order, 1972 (as amended up to October, 2008)
Representation of the People (Amendment) Order Act, 2009


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