View Full Report (PDF) ANFREL's mission to observe the 9th Parliamentary Elections to the (Jatiyo Sangsad) in Bengali or (House of the Nation) in English took place from 21 November 2008 to 6 January 2009. A total of 74 international observers from 18 countries were deployed to the six divisions of Bangladesh.
View Full Report (PDF) The Permatang Pauh bi-election was called by the Election Commission or Suruhanjaya Pilihan Raya (SPR) to seek a replacement for the Dewan Rakyat seat after a female MP, Wan Azizah Wan Ismail, resigned from her post. She declared her resignation on July 31st, 2008 to give a way
View Full Report (PDF) The Philippines’ Commission on Elections (COMELEC) used automated election systems during the recent election of a Regional Governor, Vice Regional Governor and Assemblyman for the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). COMELEC is authorized to use automated election systems, whether paper based or direct recording electronic systems, by the Republic Act No.
View Full Report (PDF) ANFREL's mission to observe the elections to Cambodia's National Assembly on 27th July 2008 took place from the 18th - 30th July 2008. A total of eleven international observers from eight countries were deployed to eight Cambodian provinces to monitor the pre-election environment and Election Day. The mission
View Full Report (PDF) ANFREL deployed a total of 100 election observers for Nepal's Constituent Assembly elections - 20 long-term observers who observed the pre-election environment, election day, and the post-election process, and a further 80 short-term observers who focused on election day. The mission was the largest ANFREL has ever organised,
View Full Report (PDF) The election to Thailand's House of Representatives on 23 December 2007 was a landmark in many ways. After nearly 16 months of military rule, it restored democratic rule to the country. It was the first election held under a new Constitution which brought in widespread changes to the
View Full Report (PDF) We should not have very high expectations that elections in Timor Leste's post conflict situation will be simple or be conducted smoothly. A tiny beautiful country with less than one million population struggled to organize elections for the first time and in the process many lessons were learnt
View Full Report (PDF) The election in the Philippines has been generally noted with high rates of voter's turnout despite the obstacles of transportation and sometimes the threat of violence. Elections are very much enjoyed and expected by the Philippines people who strongly exercise their right to vote. Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo is currently
View Full Report (PDF) The tsunami was a tragedy for the people of Aceh. The magnitude of the loss of life has left the people with great grief. It also brought an unexpected end to the violence and a crucial change within Aceh. The international community's support is now very much needed
View Full Report (PDF) ANFREL's second and equally important mission in Afghanistan during the National Assembly and Provincial Council Elections in 2005 was an eye opener to observe the process of former warlords, mujahedin and ordinary citizens running for office. The presence of ANFREL's 26 observers (Long-Term Observers and Short-Term Observers) in
View Full Report (PDF) 원선거에서 태국 정치사상 유례없는 국민적 지지를 획득하여 출범한 탁씬(Thaksin Shinawatra) 총리와 태국애국당(Thai Rak Thai Party)의 제2집권을 위한 새로 운 도전이었다는 측면에서 그 정치적 의미가 큰 선거였다. 특히 탁씬 정부는 선거 이 전부터 이번 선거를 통하여 전체 의석 500석 중 4분의 3 이상의 의석을 획득하여 확 고한 일당지배의 정치구조를
View Full Report (PDF) Increasing political liberalization has established a culture of democratic elections and parliamentary rule as an institutionalized part of political life in Thailand. In electoral terms, a new political benchmark was set with the unprecedented level of popular participation in the political reform process leading up to the promulgation
View Full Report (PDF) As Taiwan has a very interesting and complex political background, attempting to write anything on the subject is a daunting assignment. I am often trapped in trying to find the best word to describe Taiwan, on whether it is a nation-state or a province. However, it is important
View Full Report (PDF) In the last 30 years, the people of Afghanistan were detached from experincing elections as a process to pratice their political rights in choosing the representatives to orgaize and manage the country's democratic political system. Being the direct national election to be organized in Afghanistan, the Presidential Election
View Full Report (PDF) The 2004 Indonesia legislative election and Presidential election have seen remarkable positive advances in terms of human rights condition, comparing to the 1999 Indonesia Election. Generally, .ANFREL observed that politically motivate killing and intimidation in terms of voters decision making is almost inexistence. The progress to Indonesia democratic
View Full Report (PDF) The recently concluded parliamentary election is another significant step towards the democratization of Cambodia Significant improvements were made There was less violence, greater awareness by Votets of their rights increased participation by citizens, and a more efficient admintstration of the election by the National Election Commission Despite these
View Full Report (PDF) ANFREL sent a team of 42 long-term and short-term international observers from 11 Asian country to monitor the National Assembly and the Provincial Assembly: elections in Pakistan, Although the Election Day passed off peacefully, except report of isolated violence in, ANFREL was deeply concerned by reports about misconducts
View Full Report (PDF) ANFREL concluded that Cambodia has taken another step towards establishing democracy, but there remained much work to be done. Although the balloting on 3 February 2002 passed peacefully and without serious instances of violence, ANFREL stressed in this report that the assessment of electoral process was based on
View Full Report (PDF) This 8fh Parliamentary Election was rated more disturbing than the previous elections in 1996 with reports of violence had intensified from about 500 reports of election-related killings and injuries to more than 2000 reports within a month toward the polling day. Such an increase was believed to be
View Full Report (PDF) After Prime Minister Chuan Leekpai's declaration of the dissolution of the House of Representatives (HOR) on 9 November 2000 was approved by the King, the Election Commission ECT prepared to announce a general election for members of the HOR, The polling day was eventually set on 6 January
View Full Report (PDF) It is with much pride and honor that the Asian Network for Free Elections (ANFREL) and the Asian Network for Human Rights and Development (FORUM-ASIA) have taken part in the making of history in East Timor. To have contributed, even a bit to the overall efforts towards the
View Full Report (PDF) Indonesia's geopolitics since the end of Soeharto's 32-year rule has significantly changed the Asia-Pacific region. The once Big Brother of Asia buckled down to both domestic and inter-national pressure1 for immediate change of rule and eventual transition to democracy.
View Full Report (PDF) The future of Cambodia depends primarily on how the political key players are able to put their acts together and how the international community is able to influence and exert pressure on major issues crucial to the country's democratization process. With a very fragile government composed of I