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Press Statement and Interim Report of Myanmar By-elections 2017

April 4th, 2017

International Election Observation Mission (IEOM)

of the 2017 By-Elections in the Republic of the Union of Myanmar

INTERIM REPORT

IEOM Profile: The ANFREL International Election Observation Mission (IEOM) is composed of fifteen (15) international election observers, which include two (2) electoral analysts (EA) deployed for four (4) weeks and thirteen (13) short term observers deployed for 2 weeks. The IEOM covered 194 polling stations in 19 constituencies and 22 townships.

 

This interim report is an assessment of the pre-election activities (more specifically advance voting within constituency for civil servants and vulnerable persons), the campaign and cooling period, the election day, as well as the counting and tabulation of the results. ANFREL conducted desk research, in-depth interviews with key election stakeholders, and field monitoring and random checking of polling stations during the advance voting period (22-31 March 2017) and on election day (1 April 2017).

 

ANFREL will issue a full-length report a month after the polls which will expound on the information included in this Interim Report and will include post-election assessments focused on electoral dispute resolution and recommendations....

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ANFREL Press Statement on Myanmar 2017

Another Positive Step Towards Myanmar’s 2020 General Election

Yangon, 03 April Today, the Asian Network for Free Elections(ANFREL) commends the people of Myanmar for their holding of By-Elections on April 1, 2017. For a country still early in its democratic transition, the success of the by-elections is something the people of Myanmar can be rightly proud of. Observations from ANFREL observers across the country revealed polls that, generally speaking, represent continued progress in Myanmar’s electoral development. ANFREL hopes that the lessons learned from these by-elections can be combined with those from 2015 to bring elections in 2020 that strengthen and build upon the improvements made in recent years.

 

ANFREL’s Head of Mission, Mr. Damaso Magbual, agreed when he said that “While the post-election period should not be overlooked, ANFREL’s observation so far reveals that Myanmar has taken another important step towards a more democratic future. We hope the UEC and all stakeholders will continue during the post-election period the vigilance, dedication, and professionalism they have shown up until now.”

 

We also wish to extend congratulations to the Union Election Commission (UEC) and all related government offices for their management of the polls. While the UEC’s post-election work remains, the efforts of Polling Station staff to create an environment conducive to free and fair elections is worth noting. Compared to 2015, ANFREL found both polling station staff and election administrators to be more confident and better able to follow the by-election’s rules and guidelines. Given what is still relatively little experience managing elections, the UEC, its sub-commissions and down to the Polling Station level generally performed admirably to manage the process. We were also happy to see that some of the 2015 recommendations from Election Observers, both domestic and international, were implemented. ANFREL hopes that future reform incorporates even more of those recommendations.

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ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ၏ ၂၀၂၀ ခုႏွစ္ အေထြေထြေရြးေကာက္ပြဲမ်ားဆီသို႔ အေပါင္းလကၡဏာေဆာင္ေသာ ေနာက္ထပ္ေျခလွမ္းတစ္ခု

ရန္ကုန္၊ ဧၿပီလ ၃ ရက္။ ယေန႔ Asian Network for Free Elections (ANFREL) အေနျဖင္႔ ျမန္မာႏို္င္ငံမွ ျပည္သူလူထုအား ၂၀၁၇ ခုႏွစ္၊ ဧၿပီလ (၁) ရက္ေန႔တြင္ ၾကားျဖတ္ေရြးေကာက္ပြဲ က်င္းပခဲ႔ျခင္းအေပၚ ခ်ီးက်ဴး ဂုဏ္ျပဳလိုက္ပါသည္။ ဒီမိုကေရစီအသြင္ကူးေျပာင္းေရး၏ အေစာပိုင္းကာလအတြင္းမွာ ရွိေသာ ႏိုင္ငံတစ္ႏိုင္ငံအေနျဖင့္ ၾကားျဖတ္ေရြးေကာက္ပြဲကို ေအာင္ျမင္စြာက်င္းပႏိုင္ျခင္းသည္ ျမန္မာ ျပည္သူလူထုအတြက္ ထိုက္ထိုက္တန္တန္ ဂုဏ္ယူဖြယ္ျဖစ္ပါသည္။ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံတစ္ဝန္းတြင္ ANFREL မွ ေစာင့္ၾကည့္ေလ့လာသူမ်ား၏ ေတြ႔ရွိခ်က္မ်ားအရ မဲဆႏၵေပးျခင္းသည္ ေယဘုယ်အားျဖင့္ ျမန္မာႏို္င္ငံ၏ ေရြးေကာက္ပြဲဆိုင္ရာ ဖြ႔ံၿဖိဳးတုိးတက္မႈတြင္ ဆက္လက္တုိးတက္လာမႈကို ကိုု္ယ္စားျပဳေနပါသည္။ ယခု ၾကားျဖတ္ေရြးေကာက္ပြဲမွ သင္ခန္းစာယူစရာမ်ားကို ၂၀၁၅ ခုႏွစ္မွ သင္ခန္းစာယူစရာမ်ားႏွင္႔ ေပါင္းစပ္လုိက္ေသာအခါ မ်ားမၾကာမီႏွစ္မ်ားအတြင္း လုပ္ေဆာင္ခဲ့ေသာ ပိုမုိေကာင္းမြန္ေအာင္ ေဆာင္ရြက္ခ်က္မ်ားအေပၚ အေျခခံ၍ ၂၀၂၀ ခုႏွစ္ ေရြးေကာက္ပြဲတြင္ တုိးတက္ေကာင္းမြန္မႈမ်ား ပိုမုိခုိင္မာ အားေကာင္းလာမည္၊ ဆက္လက္ တုိးတက္ေကာင္းမြန္လာမည္ဟု ANFREL မွ ေမွ်ာ္လင္႔ပါသည္။

 

ANFREL ၏ အဖြဲ႔ေခါင္းေဆာင္ Mr. Damaso Magbual သည္ သေဘာတူေထာက္ခံၿပီး “ေရြးေကာက္ပြဲအလြန္ကာလကို လစ္လ်ဴမရႈသင့္ေပမယ့္ အခုအခ်ိန္ထိ ANFREL ရဲ႕ ေစာင့္ၾကည့္ေလ့လာမႈေတြအရ ျမန္မာႏို္င္ငံဟာ ပိုၿပီး ဒီမိုကေရစီဆန္တဲ့ အနာဂတ္ဘက္ကို ဦးတည္ေနတဲ႔ ေနာက္ထပ္ အေရးႀကီး ေျခလွမ္းတစ္လွမ္း လွမ္းႏုိင္ခဲ့တာကို ျမင္လုိက္ရပါတယ္။ ျပည္ေထာင္စု ေရြးေကာက္ပြဲေကာ္မရွင္နဲ႔ အားလံုးေသာ သက္ဆိုင္သူေတြဟာ အခုထိ လုပ္ေဆာင္ျပခဲ့တဲ့ သတိဝီရိယ၊ စူးစိုက္ႏွစ္ျမဳပ္မႈနဲ႔ လုပ္ငန္းတာဝန္ပုိင္းဆုိင္ရာ ကၽြမ္းက်င္ပုိင္ႏိုင္မႈေတြကို ေရြးေကာက္ပြဲအလြန္ကာလမွာလည္း ဆက္လက္ လုပ္ေဆာင္ႏိုင္မယ္လို႔ ကၽြန္ေတာ္တို႔ ေမွ်ာ္လင့္ပါတယ္” ဟု ေျပာၾကားခဲ့သည္။

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ျပည္ေထာင္စုသမၼတျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ ၂၀၁၇ ၾကားျဖတ္ေရြးေကာက္ပြဲအတြက္ ႏိုင္ငံတကာေစာင္႔ၾကည္႔ေလ႔လာေရး အဖြဲ႕ (IEOM)

ၾကားျဖတ္အစီရင္ခံစာ

IEOM အေၾကာင္း - ANFREL ၏ ႏိုင္ငံတကာေစာင္႔ၾကည္႔ေလ႔လာေရးအဖြဲ႕သည္ ရက္သတၱပတ္ ၄ ပတ္ တာ ဝန္ခ်ထားသည္႔ ေရြးေကာက္ပြဲသရုပ္ခြဲပညာရွင္ ၂ ဦးအပါအဝင္ ရက္သတၱပတ္ ၂ ပတ္တာဝန္ခ်ထားသည္႔ ကာလတိုေစာင္႔ၾကည္႔ေလ႔လာသူ ၁၃ ဦး တို႔ျဖင္႔ စုစုေပါင္း ႏိုင္ငံတကာေရြးေကာက္ပြဲေစာင္႔ၾကည္႔ေလ႔လာသူ ၁၅ ဦးျဖင္႔ဖြဲ႕စည္းထားသည္။ အဖြဲ႕သည္ ၂၂ ၿမိဳ႕နယ္ရိွ မဲဆႏၵနယ္ေျမ ၁၉ ခုတြင္ရိွေသာ မဲရံု ၁၉၄ ရံုကို ေစာင္႔ ၾကည္႔ေလ႔လာခဲ႔ပါသည္။

ဤၾကားျဖတ္အစီရင္ခံစာသည္ ေရြးေကာက္ပြဲအႀကိဳကာလလႈပ္ရွားမႈမ်ား (ပို၍ တိတိပပဆိုရလွ်င္ ဝန္ထမ္းမ်ား ႏွင္႔ ထိခိုက္လြယ္ေသာ ျပည္သူမ်ားရိွေသာ မဲဆႏၵနယ္တြင္ ႀကိဳတင္မဲေပးျခင္း)၊ မဲဆြယ္ စည္းရံုးျခင္းမ်ား၊ ေရြးေကာက္ပြဲမတိုင္မီ တစ္ရက္ႏွင္႔ ေရြးေကာက္ပြဲေန႔အျပင္ ရလဒ္ေရတြက္ျခင္းမ်ား စာရင္းေရးသြင္း၍ ေပါင္းျခင္းမ်ားအေပၚ ဆန္းစစ္ခ်က္ျဖစ္သည္။ ANFREL သည္ ႐ံုးတြင္း လုပ္ေဆာင္ေသာ သုေတသန၊ အဓိကက်ေသာ ေရြးေကာက္ပြဲႏွင္႔ သက္ဆိုင္သူမ်ားႏွင္႔ အေသးစိတ္ ေမးျမန္းမႈမ်ား၊ ႀကိဳတင္မဲေပးသည္႔ကာလ (မတ္လ ၂၂-၃၁၊ ၂၀၁၇) ႏွင္႔ ေရြးေကာက္ပြဲေန႔ (ဧၿပီလ ၁ ရက္၊ ၂၀၁၇) တို႔တြင္ ေျမျပင္၌ မဲရံုမ်ား အစဥ္လုိက္မဟုတ္ က်ပန္း ေရြးခ်ယ္၍ စစ္ေဆးျခင္းႏွင့္ ေစာင့္ၾကည့္ေလ့လာျခင္းမ်ားကို လုပ္ေဆာင္ခဲ႔သည္။

ANFREL သည္ ေနာက္တစ္လအၾကာတြင္ ရွည္လ်ားေသာ အစီရင္ခံစာကို ထုတ္ျပန္မည္ျဖစ္ရာ ယခုၾကား ျဖတ္အစီရင္ခံစာတြင္ပါဝင္သည္႔ သတင္းအခ်က္အလက္မ်ားအတြက္ အေသးစိတ္ရွင္းလင္းခ်က္မ်ား၊ ေရြး ေကာက္ပြဲအျငင္းပြားမႈေျဖရွင္းျခင္းကို အာရံုျပဳမႈပါဝင္သည္႔ ေရြးေကာက္ပြဲအလြန္ကာလ ဆန္းစစ္ခ်က္ႏွင္႔ အ ႀကံျပဳခ်က္မ်ားပါဝင္မည္ျဖစ္သည္။

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