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Indonesia

Overview

Aceh, Indonesia

"The 2004 tsunami helped trigger a peace agreement between the GAM and the Indonesian government . It drew a lot of international attention to the conflict, wiped out many supplies, and killed many personnel from both sides. Earlier efforts had failed, but for a number of reasons, including the tsunami, peace prevailed in 2005 after 29 years of war. Post-Suharto Indonesia and the liberal-democratic reform period, as well as changes in the Indonesian military, helped create an environment more favorable to peace talks. The roles of newly elected President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono and Vice President Jusuf Kalla were highly significant. At the same time, the GAM leadership was undergoing changes, and the Indonesian military had arguably inflicted so much damage on the rebel movement that it had no choice but to negotiate with the central government. The peace talks were facilitated by a Finland-based NGO, the Crisis Management Initiative, and led by former Finnish President Martti Ahtisaari. The resulting peace agreement was signed on August 15, 2005. Under the agreement, Aceh would receive special autonomy and government troops would be withdrawn from the province in exchange for GAM's disarmament. As part of the agreement, the European Union dispatched 300 monitors. Their mission expired on December 15, 2006, following local elections. "

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General Information

ANFREL First Week Report, ACEH Election - 2006
Background of Aceh
Background of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam
Overview of Indonesia
Leaders of Indonesia

 

Political Overview

Local Election Disputes in Indonesia: The Case of North Maluku
Political Timeline Indonesia

 

Election Results

Legislative Election Results - 2004
Presidential Election Results - July to September 2004
Legislative Election Results - 9 April 2009
Presidential Election Results - 8 July 2009

 

Reports/Documents

PDF:ANFREL Press Statement - Aceh 2012:For Immediate Release
PDF: Aceh Preliminary Report: 11 April 2012
PDF: Aceh Under Martial Law: Conflict, Violence and Displacement
PDF: Indonesia General Election held on 9th April, 2009
PDF: IDMC Indonesia: In search of durable solutions for all

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