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General Information

Overview of Myanmar (Burma)
Leaders of Myanmar
States & Divisions of Myanmar (Burma)
Burma Population Data By The Irrawaddy


Political Overview

Political Timeline
Analysis of the 2008 Constitution
Preliminary Analysis of Myanmar's 2010 Electoral Laws by SSRC
2010 Election Watch - ALTSEAN
Constituencies at the National, State and Division Levels
Burmese General Election, 2010 from Wikipedia



Constitution of the Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma - 1974 (English)
Constitution of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar - 2008 (English)


Election Laws

Political Parties Registration Law - 8 March 2010
Six Points in Aung San Suu Kyi's Analysis in Rejecting Party Registration
Enlisting the Strength of Political Parties
The Union Election Commission Law - 8 March 2010
The Pyithu Hluttaw Election Law
The Region Hluttaw or the State Hluttaw Election Law
The Amyotha Hluttaw Election Law
Elections Date Likely to be Later than October
NDI: Electoral Framework Analysis
Analysis: The Burmese Situation & Thai Intel's Forecast



TACDB Statement of Concern on the Constitutional Referendum
Independent Assessment of Myanmar's Constitutional Referendum - May 2008
Burma (Myanmar): A Preliminary Report on the Referendum of 10 May 2008
Collection Of Detailed Basic Principles
Human Rights Watch: Vote to Nowhere - The May 2008 Constitutional Referendum in Burma
Burma's 2010 Elections: Implications of the New Constitution and Election Laws
SPDC Election Law Sets the Stage for Sham Elections
NDI: Burma's Electoral Framework is Fundamentally Undemocratic
Profile: 88 Generation Students
Junta's Military Training to Safeguard Polling Booths
USDP Offers Cash for Votes in Puta-O
Myanmar: Gearing up for Elections by C. S. Kuppuswamy


Election Commision

Profiles of Union Election Commission Members


Political Parties

Political Parties - Irrawaddy



The Assistance Association for Political Prisoners (Burma)
Burma Democratic Concern (BDC)
Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES) - Election Guide - Country Profile: Myanmar
Network for Human Rights Documentation - Burma
Alternative Asean Network on Burma
Human Rights Foundation of Monland



Shan Herald Agency for News (S.H.A.N. Online)
The Irrawaddy
Mizzima News - Election 2010
Democratic Voice of Burma (DVB) - Elections
Burma Partnership - 2010 Elections
Myanma Thadin - Election Watch
Burma News International (BNI)
Chinland Guardian (CG)
E-News: The Myanmar Times

Myanmar Archive

ANFREL EOM 2015 Report

August 4th, 2016

ANFREL EOM 2015 Report General & Local Elections Myanmar 2015 Asian Network for Free Elections (ANFREL) Election Observation Mission Report The Asian Network for Free Elections (ANFREL) was established in 1997, as Asia’s first regional network of civil society organizations focused on elections and election monitoring. It strives to promote and support democratization at national and regional levels […]

Myanmar 2015 General Election Assessment Mission Analysis

June 7th, 2016

Asian Network for Free Elections (ANFREL) From the 1stto the 12thof September, ANFREL carried outa two-personexploratory mission to assess the pre-election period in Myanmar before the November 8th General and Local Elections.The team had meetings and conducted interviews with a wide variety of Election Stakeholders throughout the course of their visit. In all, the mission […]

ANFREL Press Statement & Interim Report on the 2015 Myanmar General Elections 

November 10th, 2015

A Significant Step for Myanmar’s Democracy that Deserves Continued Vigilance    Yangon – The Asian Network for Free Elections(ANFREL) wishes to enthusiastically congratulate the people of Myanmar on their holding of General and Local Elections on November 8, 2015. Voters turned out in large numbers to peacefully exercise their democratic right to choose their own elected […]

ANFREL Deploys Short-Term Observers in Myanmar Hoping to See a Transparent and Fair Final Week before Polling

November 3rd, 2015

As part of its nationwide Election Observation Mission in the country, the Asian Network for Free Elections(ANFREL) is deploying 27 Short Term Observers(STOs) on November 3rd to observe the final week of the pre-election period and the country’s November 08 Election Day. The STOs will join ANFREL’s 20 Long Term Observers that have been observing […]

ANFREL Observing Historic Elections in Myanmar in Support of the Country’s Democratisation

October 12th, 2015

    Yangon, 12 October – The Asian Network for Free Elections(ANFREL) deployed 20 Long Term Observers on October 12th to begin observing the pre-election period before the country’s November 08, 2015 Elections. The deployment is a continuation of ANFREL’s long-time support of strengthening democracy in Myanmar by supporting the integrity of electoral processes. ANFREL […]

ANFREL-Foundation initiative to create awareness about parliamentary democracy in Myanmar

August 15th, 2013

In order to create awareness about the functioning of a parliament amongst the people of Burma/Myanmar an initiative titled, Training and Parliament Education (TAPE)-Myanmar has been started in the country since February 2013. The implementation of the project follows two years of research, assessments and resource mapping. Several activities have been undertaken since February 2013. […]


August 5th, 2013

ANFREL-Foundation Chairperson Damaso G Magbual along with Capacity Building Coordinator Mr. Bidhayak Das met Chairperson of the Union Election Commission (UEC) of Myanmar U Tin Aye at the UEC office in Napyitaw on July 11. The meeting, which lasted for an hour discussed ways to strengthen electoral reforms initiatives in Myanmar and the role ANFREL-Foundation […]

Honoring Min Ko Naing and “Examining the Transition to Democracy in Burma”

June 24th, 2013

Honoring Min Ko Naing and “Examining the Transition to Democracy in Burma”   On June 4, 2013, the National Endowment for Democracy (NED) was finally able to honor Burmese activist Min Ko Naing with its 2012 Democracy Award at an event in the U.S. Capitol. NED President Carl Gershman presented the award, highlighting Min Ko Naing’s tremendous moral courage […]

A new Journey awaits Myanmar’s Nobel laureate Suu Kyi

April 10th, 2012

By Bidhayak Das: From a democracy activist to a parliamentarian, the journey for Aung San Suu Kyi has been long and arduous. She has had to spend the last two decades of her life under house arrest in her struggle to bring human rights, democracy and justice to the people of Myanmar. Now that she […]

Press Statement on the Myanmar by-elections (April 1, 2012)

April 3rd, 2012

 Press Statement on the Myanmar by-elections The by-elections in Myanmar marks a historic phase in the country’s transition towards democracy and ANFREL-Foundation takes this opportunity to congratulate the people of Myanmar. The by-elections were extremely significant to sustain the reforms process in Myanmar and strengthen the process of democratization in the future.  

Bangkok Post: ANFREL Calls for Myanmar Sincerity

March 23rd, 2012

Myanmar’s “political openness should be unconditional”, the chief of an Asian election watchdog said on Thursday after she and two aides were deported from the country. Asian Networks for Free Elections (Anfrel) executive director Somsri Hananuntasuk said she was forced by the Myanmar authorities to leave the country on Tuesday night and her assistants, Rangsima Suttipongkiat […]

สดจากย่างกุ้ง วัฒนธรรมทางการเมืองพม่าเปลี่ยนไปจริงหรือ? (ชมโปสเตอร์หาเสียงThe lady)

March 23rd, 2012

ก่อนการเลือกตั้งในพม่า วันที่ 1 เมษายน 2555  การเลือกตั้งที่ทั่วโลก จับตามองว่า จะเป็นจุดเปลี่ยนครั้งใหญ่หรือแค่ละครสลับฉาก  “สมศรี หาญอนันทสุข” เครือข่ายเอเชียเพื่อการเลือกตั้งเสรี (มูลนิธิอันเฟรล)  เดินทางเข้าไปสังเกตการณ์บรรยากาศการเมืองก่อนการเลือกตั้ง     เธอส่งรายงานมายัง “มติชนออนไลน์” จากกรุงย่างกุ้ง มีบทพิสูจน์ระดับหนึ่งถึงการเปลี่ยนไปของบรรยากาศทางการเมืองพม่าก่อนการเลือกตั้งวันที่ 1 เมษายนนี้  นั่นก็คือการแก้ไขกฏหมายเปิดทางให้นาง อองซานซูจี หรือที่เรียกนามเธอทั่วๆไปกันในประเทศว่า “the lady” ลงแข่งขันเลือกตั้งโดยสมัครในนามพรรค สันนิบาต แห่งชาติเพื่อประชาธิปไตย (National League for Democracy) หรือ พรรค NLD ได้ทำให้ประเทศพม่ามีสีสรรค์ขึ้นบ้าง  แม้จะเป็นการเลือกตั้งซ่อมใน 10 เขต สำหรับที่นั่งที่หายไปเพราะสส. 48 คนได้ถูกแต่งตั้งไปอยู่ในตำแหน่งต่างๆของรัฐบาลก็ตาม มีการประเมินกันว่า แม้ว่า พรรค NLD จะไม่ได้หวังมากว่าจะได้ที่นั่งในเขตเมืองหลวงใหม่ Nay Pyi Daw แต่โดยรวมก็น่าจะได้ที่นั่ง 30 ที่นั่งขึ้นไป จาก 48 ที่นั่งในครั้งนี้ […]

Myanmar Election Observation Encouraging But Inadequate

March 22nd, 2012

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: Myanmar Election Observation Encouraging But Inadequate   BANGKOK, 22 March 2012 – The Bangkok-based Asian Network for Free Elections (ANFREL) today noted that while it is a step in the right direction, Myanmar’s decision to allow international observers comes too late, and with too many restrictions.   Media reports this week have […]

Brief Timeline of Political Events in Burma

February 17th, 2012

2012 January Government signs ceasefire with rebels of Karen ethnic group. Burmese presidential special peace envoy and Rail Transportation Minister Aung Min has offered two exile-based democratic groups to meet for political talks the first week of February, said group leaders. The Karen National Union (KNU) and Burmese government peace delegations signed a cease-fire agreement […]

ANFREL Coordinator Witnessed Myanmar Political Development in December 2011

January 9th, 2012

The somewhat changed situation in Myanmar where there is more space to talk about political developments and read about activities of all other political parties in the newspapers is perhaps a reflection of what’s in store for the country’s future. But to do that there is an absolute need to make use of whatever room […]

ANFREL Releases Chart on Political Rights and Civil Liberties in Asia

January 6th, 2012

The Asian Network for Free Elections (ANFREL) recently released a chart assigning a score for political rights and civil liberties to 30 countries in Asia. The chart can be viewed below.

Election Network Cautiously Optimistic about Burma’s Political Progress

December 21st, 2011

The Asian Network for Free Elections (ANFREL-Foundation) welcomes recent political developments in Burma, progress which includes less censorship of the media; more engagement with the NLD, Aung San Suu Kyi, and some ethnic groups; the release of some, though not all, political prisoners; and finally, the re-registration of the NLD as a political party to […]

On the 23rd Anniversary of 1988 Protests, ANFREL Calls for Long Awaited Reforms

August 8th, 2011

On the occasion of the 23rdanniversary of the 8888 people’s uprising in Burma, ANFREL wishes to express itssolidarity with the people that on that day twenty-three years ago todayexpressed their fundamental desire for democratic change. What had begun primarily as a studentprotest expanded over time to include people from all walks of life taking tothe […]

Will ASEAN Give Chair to Burma Despite Rights Record?

May 11th, 2011

In view of many international observers, the Association of South-East Asian Nations’ (ASEAN) negligence to take firm position on Burma (Myanmar) has become its Achilles’ heel. As usual, the association’s statement proves member-countries’ lack of collective will to take a strong position against Burma. Changing itself into a semi-civilian regime through vote-rigging, Burma makes a […]

2011: Burma Election 2010 – A Election of Generals

March 10th, 2011

View Full Report (PDF) The Thai Action Committee for Democracy in Burma (TACDB) has long been engaged in working for the people of Burma. This report on the 2010 Elections is, we believe, a useful continuation of that history as well as a helpful contribution to the cause of democracy in Burma. This report attempts […]

Myanmar After the Elections: A Call for Essential Comprehensive Electoral Reform

December 7th, 2010

The Asian Network for Free Elections (ANFREL) has expressed its profound disappointment in the conduct of Myanmar’s 2010 Parliamentary & Regional Assembly Elections. After missing a chance to hold truly free and fair elections, ANFREL hopes that Myanmar’s military junta and the new parliament, once formed, take this post-election period as an opportunity to institute much needed reform. From […]

Burma Election Tracker: Exposing Fraud & Abuse with Technology

November 16th, 2010

The National Democratic Institute Cordially Invites You to a World Affairs Briefing on The Burmese Elections: Exposing Fraud & Abuse with Technology Tuesday, November 16 at 10 am Presentations by: Dr. Naing Aung, Secretary General of the Forum for Democracy in Burma, Stephanie Lynn, NDI’s Senior Program Director for Burma, Pat Merloe, NDI’s Director of Electoral […]

TACDB Expresses Its Severe Disappointment in ASEAN and Implores It to Re-Examine Its Approach to Burma’s Junta

November 12th, 2010

The Thai Action Committee for Democracy in Burma (TACDB) wishes to express its extreme disappointment in the Association of South East Asian Nations’ (ASEAN) embrace of the severely flawed election in Burma. By doing so, ASEAN’s Secretary General Surin Pitsuwan and the members of ASEAN have put the priorities of the Burma Junta above those of the people […]

Interim Report: Myanmar National and Region/State Parliamentary Elections 2010

November 12th, 2010

This report will attempt to impartially assess the elections against international benchmarks despite the challenges faced in doing so given the restrictions on observation imposed by the regime. The following is a preliminary report of the effort’s main findings. A final report that includes recommendations for vital reform will be published at a later date.

China and ASEAN Honor the Worst Vote Rigging in Burma

November 10th, 2010

The most controversial election in ASEAN region has been ended. But, vote counting process is still going on. The poll results are still in the pipe line. nonetheless, the public eye returns to Aung San Suu Kyi, who has spent 15 of the past 21 years under arrest but is due to be freed as her latest […]

Myanmar Times Election Archive

November 9th, 2010

This page contains every article published by The Myanmar Times relating to the 2010 election. It will be updated weekly, internet connection permitting.

NUP Concedes Defeat

November 9th, 2010

The National Unity Party (NUP), the second largest party in Burma’s general election on Sunday, has conceded defeat to the pro-junta Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP), although it accuses the USDP of winning the election illegally. The NUP—formed by loyalists to late dictator Gen Ne Win who was forced from power by a nationwide […]

ANFREL Calls for the Myanmar UEC and SPDC to Clarify and Seriously Investigate Advance Voting Activities and Counting Process Irregularities

November 9th, 2010

The Asian Network For Free Elections (ANFREL-Foundation) calls attention to an important point from November 7th & 8th‘s counting activities that requires the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) and the Union Election Commission (UEC) of Myanmar to urgently clarify why the counting process was not made transparent to the public and the media beginning with the first advance […]

Burma Declares State of Emergency After Poll

November 8th, 2010

Burma has been placed under a 90-day state of emergency after holding its first election in 20 years. Emergency rule to prevent political gatherings has been in place for three months in the lead-up to the poll. The state of emergency prevents further political gatherings and stops soldiers from leaving the military for three months.

Declaration by the High Representative Catherine Ashton on behalf of the European Union on the elections in Burma/Myanmar

November 7th, 2010

1. Today, the first elections were held in Burma/Myanmar, since those of 1990 whose results were never implemented. 2. Elections in themselves do not make a country democratic; nevertheless they should offer the opportunity for a new beginning and greater pluralism. The EU regrets therefore that the authorities did not take the necessary steps to ensure a free, fair and inclusive […]

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