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Afghanistan, meaning land of the Afghans, has been an ancient focal point of the Silk Road and human migration. It is an important geostrategic location, connecting East, South, West and Central Asia.[10] The land has been a target of various invaders from at least the time of Alexander the Great in 330 BCE and and a source from which local powers rose to form empires and influence neighboring regions. It has been home to various peoples through the ages, among them were ancient Aryan tribes who established the dominant role of Indo-Iranian languages in the region.



Map of Afghanistan; Source-CIA World Factbook

General Information

Afghan Presidential Election, 2009 by Wikipedia
Afghanistan Election Interactive: Voters and Candidates


Political Overview

For Immediate Release: ANFREL Statement on the Conclusion to Afghanistan’s Ballot Audit
Afghan Presidential Election, 2009 by Wikipedia
Afghan War Diary, 2004-2010
Candidate List: Final List of Candidates Wolesi Jirga Election 2010



The Constitution of Afghanistan - Islamic Year 1382 (2004)
HTML: Constitution of Afghanistan - Islamic Year 1382 (2004)


Election Laws

President of the Transitional Islamic State of Afghanistan on the Adoption of Electoral Law
Political Parties Law of Afghanistan
Decree of the President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan on the Promulgation of the Electoral Law
Decree of the President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan on Non-Interference in the Electoral Affairs of Elections 1388 (2009)
Electoral Law of Afghanistan Issued under Article 79 of the Constitution of Afghanistan, 2010
Regulation on Allocation of Wolesi Jirga Seats for Women
Regulation on Certification of Election Results
Regulation on Accreditation of Observers, Reporters and Agents of Political Parties and Independent Candidates
Regulation on Campaign Finance Disclosure by Wolesi Jirga Candidates
Regulation on Registration of Candidates
Regulation on Counting
Regulation on Electoral Campaigns
Electoral Challenges and Complaints Regulation
Regulation on Media Commission Establishment and Mass Media Activities
Polling Regulation
Regulation on Temporary Election Staff
Regulation Relevant to Special Guests Attendance at Voter Registration, Voting and Vote Counting Centers
Regulation on Candidate Vetting Commission
Regulation on Voter Registration


Election Results

Preliminary Result of Election 2010


Afghanistan Archive

ANFREL’s Summary & Findings from the Presidential Runoff Ballot Audit in Afghanistan 2014

October 16th, 2014

The Asian Network for Free Elections has released its report of the observation of the audit of all ballots from the 2014 Afghan Presidential Election Runoff. Below, ANFREL’s report details our quantified findings from observing the audit in the Independent Elections Commission’s hangars from July to September. The 2014 Audit Observation Mission is ANFREL’s third […]

Election & Audit Shortcomings Must be Springboard for Electoral Reforms

September 29th, 2014

For Immediate Release: ANFREL Statement on the Conclusion to Afghanistan’s Ballot Audit BANGKOK, 29 SEPTEMBER 2014 – The Asian Network for Free Elections (ANFREL) Foundation is encouraged by the recent political agreement in Afghanistan and wants to congratulate the people of Afghanistan for their participation in the political transition in the country. Great respect and […]

Photos from ANFREL’s observation of the Afghanistan Ballot Audit

September 18th, 2014

With the Afghan ballot audit coming to a close, enjoy some pictures from ANFREL’s observation of the audit process. ANFREL continues to follow the process and, as we’ve done since 2004, supports Afghanistan’s democratisation now and in the future.  

ANFREL Election Day Statement on Afghan Runoff: A Significant Step Forward Deserves Continued Vigilance

June 16th, 2014

KABUL, 16 JUNE 2014 – The Asian Network for Free Elections (ANFREL) Foundation congratulates the people of Afghanistan for their participation in the run-off round of their Presidential Election held on 14 June 2014. ANFREL admires the high rate of participation of Afghans who overcame threats and violence and showed exemplary courage and determination to […]

Afghanistan: Announcement of Final Presidential Election Results, Sets Date For Run‐Off

May 15th, 2014

Source: Kabul, Afghanistan 15 May 2014 – Following the announcement of preliminary Presidential Election results and subsequent investigations, the Independent Election Commission (IEC) has certified the final results of 2014 Presidential Election, conducted on 5 April 2014. In accord with the Afghan Law on the Structure, Duties and Authorities of the IEC and the IECC, […]

Hope, Not Fear: Exemplary Courage Shown by the Voters of Afghanistan

April 9th, 2014

For Immediate Release: ANFREL Statement on Afghanistan’s 05 April 2014 Elections Hope, Not Fear: Exemplary Courage Shown by the People of Afghanistan KABUL, 08 APRIL 2014 – The Asian Network for Free Elections (ANFREL) Foundation wishes to enthusiastically commend the people of Afghanistan for their participation in the 05th of April’s Presidential and Provincial Council […]

Free & Fair Election Foundation of Afghanistan(FEFA) Parliamentary Monitoring Year-to-Date Cumulative Report

November 1st, 2012

This publication is meant to capture and simply summarize the work of Wolesi Jirga over the first eight months of 2012 in such a way that it informs the citizens, civil society representatives, experts but even the MPs and the administration of Wolesi Jirga. This high institution is a complex mechanism for most citizens to […]

Free & Fair Election Foundation of Afghanistan (FEFA) Parliamentary Monitoring Report for September

November 1st, 2012

Download Report as PDF Here

Wolesi Jirga Monitoring Report by FEFA, ANFREL member in Afghanistan

September 19th, 2012

Monitoring of the work of the Parliament for the purpose of informing citizens and promoting cooperation between the parliament and civil society is an effort that FEFA believes contributes to the development of the political system of Afghanistan and strengthens the highest representative institution of the country, the Parliament. Download Report as PDF here: FEFA Monitoring […]

FEFA – March 2012 Monitoring Report of Wolsi Jirga

April 11th, 2012

Download Full PDF Monitoring of the work of the Parliament for the purpose of informing citizens and promoting cooperation between the parliament and civil society is an effort that FEFA believes contributes to the development of the political system of Afghanistan and strengthens the highest representative institution of the country, the Parliament. READ MORE

ANFREL Releases Chart on Political Rights and Civil Liberties in Asia

January 6th, 2012

The Asian Network for Free Elections (ANFREL) recently released a chart assigning a score for political rights and civil liberties to 30 countries in Asia. The chart can be viewed below.

NDI: Afghanistan Election Update

October 12th, 2010

The Independent Election Commission (IEC) has invalidated votes from more than 442 polling centers and is recounting votes from an additional 828 centers. The decisions came after IEC tally center staff in Kabul identified irregularities in results forms retrieved from the provinces. Irregularities included a suspiciously high number of votes recorded for individual candidates and forms that were not signed […]

NAMFREL Concludes Participation in the 2010 Afghanistan Wolesi Jirga Election

October 8th, 2010

NAMFREL participated as election observers in the September 18 Wolesi Jirga (parliamentary) elections in Afghanistan. Senior Operations Associate Paolo B. Maligaya, and Bantay ng Bayan coordinator Kristine Marie D. Tapiz, were deployed as long-term observers in Balkh province and Kapisa province, respectively, as members of the just-concluded observation mission of the Asian Network for Free Elections […]

Afghanistan Tackling Almost 4,000 Poll Complaints

September 22nd, 2010

KABUL – Afghanistan’s electoral watchdog said Wednesday it was dealing with almost 4,000 complaints over the parliamentary election, which has been tainted by accusations of fraud and Taliban intimidation. Election officials said 4.3 million Afghans voted on Saturday despite insurgent threats and attacks, in their second parliamentary poll since the 2001 US-led invasion overthrew the […]

Threats Cut Election Turnout in Afghanistan

September 20th, 2010

KABUL—Taliban intimidation and violence during Afghanistan’s parliamentary elections kept many voters away from the polls, producing the lowest turnout in any Afghan election since the U.S. invasion in 2001, amid reports of widespread fraud. “Ballot-stuffing was seen to varying extents in most provinces,” said the Free and Fair Election Foundation of Afghanistan, the country’s largest […]

Ban Ki-moon Praises Afghan Vote

September 19th, 2010

Mr Ban Ki-moon noted that the participation of over 2,500 election contestants, including 400 women was a significant step for the civil society of Afghanistan. He also admired the efforts of the Afghan National Security Forces for maintaining security during this democratic process that took place in more than 5,000 polling centres.

56 People Detained for Using Fake Votes in Logar

September 19th, 2010

Fifty-six people, half of whom were election workers, were detained for stuffing ballot boxes with fake votes in central Logar province, officials said. The suspects were detained on Saturday after polling centres closed in Dobandi area of Khwakhi district, Zarghone area of Muhammad Aghan district and Barakibarak district and Porak village of Pul-i-Alam city.

IEC Calls the Elections a Success

September 18th, 2010

IEC announced on Saturday evening that the Afghan parliamentary elections ended successfully despite fears of fraud and Taliban attacks Although there were some who attempted to commit fraud, but it wasn’t possible because the IEC was closely monitoring everything, head of the Independent Election Commission (IEC), Fazal Ahmad Manawi, told reporters at a conference. “There […]

ANFREL Observers Concern on Afghan Fake Voter Cards

September 17th, 2010

Since the news about the fake voter cards made a headlines, ANFREL is taking this opportunity to request all election stakeholders to exercise a thorough observation since Election Day is just 48 hour away. ANFREL concern is how this finding (see photo) can be detected and how it will tarnish the credibility of the Wolesi […]

Campaign Ends as Afghanistan Readies for Vote

September 17th, 2010

KABUL – Campaigning for Afghanistan’s parliamentary elections formally ends at midnight Wednesday, when thousands of candidates must take a break from hustings ahead of Saturday’s poll. In cities across the country, almost every available inch of public space has been festooned with election posters showing photographs of the candidates and the symbol that will appear […]

All Together Now: Afghanistan is not Switzerland

September 17th, 2010

Let me be frank: I can’t hear it anymore. Did ever anyone say that Afghanistan should or would become Switzerland? Afghans definitely didn’t. Afghans I had spoken to during my stay in the last Taliban years, wanted their country to become ‘a country like all others’ again and to elect their leaders themselves. I am not […]

NDI: Afghan Election Update

September 11th, 2010

Most of Afghanistan’s political parties were unable to register in time to get their names on the Sept. 18 election ballot as a result of requirements in a new election law passed in September 2009. Before the new law was passed, more than 100 parties had registered with the Ministry of Justice (M0J). But this year, only […]

More Efforts Needed for Change and Long Term Commitment for Democracy: ANFREL

September 9th, 2010

KABUL – The Asian Network for Free Elections comprising of 30 citizen observers from 11 countries across Asia, congratulate the people of Afghanistan for their participation in the Wolesi Jirga Election.The September 18th election is another milestone towards strengthening democracy and respect the rule of law. The statement covers the pre election phase and voting […]

ANFREL: Government Assets Used in Wolesi Jirga Polls

September 9th, 2010

KABUL – Strong and resourceful candidates, expropriating government assets and machinery, attempted to influence Saturday’s Wolesi Jirga elections, an observer group alleged on Wednesday. Threats, violence and money were widely acknowledged as an effective strategy to win the electoral battle, preventing many candidates from contest the polls freely, said the Asian Network for Free Elections […]

Karzai aims to limit foreign role in probes – report

September 9th, 2010

More Afghan Voting Stations to Remain Closed

September 9th, 2010

Taliban threaten to attack Afghan polling stations

September 5th, 2010

NDI: Afghan Election Update

September 4th, 2010

On Aug.18, the Independent Election Commission (IEC) posted the final list of polling centers (PCs) for the 2010 Wolesi Jirga elections comprising 5,897 PCs with 18,762 polling stations (PSs). To generate this list, Afghanistan National Security Forces (ANSF), in cooperation with the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF), led an initial threat assessment to determine locations secure enough for voting.

NDI: Afghan Election Update

September 2nd, 2010

For the 2010 Afghan Wolesi Jirga elections, the National Democratic Institute (NDI) is conducting an observation mission and analyz- ing the electoral process before, during and after election day. This mission involves more than 140 international analysts and Afghan observers throughout the country. For more information, visit and

2009 Mission Report: Presidential & Provincial Councel Elections AFGHANISTAN 2009

September 1st, 2010

View Full Report (PDF) The  Asian  Network  for  Free  Elections  (ANFREL)  Foundation  which  is a leading regional election network of civil society organisations was set up in  1997  to  promote  the  process  of  democratisation  and  democratic consolidation  through  elections  in  Asia  and  also  in  other  parts  of  the world.  The  Foundation  has  been  striving to […]

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